Edition - April, 2013

The goddess Neith in the Early Dynastic period

The goddess Neith in the Early Dynastic period

The goddess Neith was one of Egypt’s oldest deities, very well documented from the Early Dynastic period, when Egypt was first brought together as a unified country. She is very familiar from later periods, particularly in the New Kingdom and Third Intermediate periods (figure 1). Over the millennia she was endowed with numerous attributes: a creation goddess, a sky goddess, a protector of the king (with Isis, Nephthy and Serket), protector of one of the Four Sons of Horus, the mother of Sobek, and the consort of Seth, occasionally associated with snake, cow and pig. So where did this great deity come from? The earliest evidence to allow the formation of a coherent picture is Early Dynastic. [more…]

Plan of Tomb Y at Umm el Qaab

Merneith – The First Queen of Egypt?

Merneith: The First Queen of Egypt? With considerable attention lavished upon the Eighteenth Dynasty, popular TV documentaries, and with a much-visited Mortuary Temple at Deir el-Bahri, many people are aware that the female ruler Hatshepsut reigned as “King” and Pharaoh during the New Kingdom. Many people also know that Queen Cleopatra (Cleopatra VII Philopator) ruled […] [more…]

Edition - August, 2012

Figure 2 - Ahmose Pyramid Complex

The Mortuary Temple of Nebpehtyre Ahmose at Abydos

By Barbara O’Neill.  Published on Egyptological, In Brief, August 14th 2012 Introduction: An Overview of the Mortuary Temple In the Old and Middle Kingdoms, pyramid complexes incorporated a mortuary chapel where cult to sustain the deceased king could be maintained.  By the Eighteenth Dynasty however, the royal-mortuary temple had evolved from an integrated part of the […] [more…]

Edition - June, 2012

Stela showing the deity Mestjet

An Offering to Henut-Mestjet

All Ancient Egyptian lion deities share the same basic attributes. Capable of great rage and great kindness, some are associated very closely with the Eye of Ra and all were considered to be important protectors of the dead, fierce and nurturing protectors. Of all the leonine deities the most elusive is Henut-Mestjet, or Mestjet.  [more…]

Edition - July, 2011

Notes on the Osireion at Abydos

Notes on the Osireion at Abydos

The Osireion was first excavated by Sir William Flinders Petrie, Margaret Murray and Petrie’s wife in the early 1900s. They found the tunnel and excavated towards what they called the “hypogeum.” It was full of sand and Roman filling when they began to clear it. Even before the full excavation of the site Murray speculated, convincingly, that “this was the building for the special worship of Osiris and the celebration of the Mysteries” [more…]

Tunnels of the Osireion, Abydos

(Editor’s note:  See the photographs of the Osireion by James on Egyptological at:  http://bit.ly/oVYiSE): I have a bit of a theory about what this was.  Wouldn’t it be nice if these tunnels were used during the Raising of the Djed Pillar ceremony?  I can see priests walking down the tunnel in photos 3 and 4 […] [more…]

Edition - June, 2011

Odd-headed deity from Abydos

    James Whitfield, who has added some great photos of Abydos to the Photo Album, has a query about the figure in this post: I haven’t seen any figures like this before that I can remember.  I can see the hieroglyphs for Nephthys on the right side of the photo, but I’m unsure if […] [more…]